Collection and identification of medicinal plants used by the indigenous people of Mobarakeh (Isfahan), southwestern Iran

Document Type: Original article

Authors

1 Department of Science& Engineer, Mobarakeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mobarakeh, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Botany, Research Center for Agricultural & Natural Resources of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran;

Abstract

Background & Aim: Knowledge of the traditional application of plants is declining faster than the plants themselves; this study was conducted to record and store the local knowledge and cultural outcomes for using the medicinal plants in treating diseases in Mobarakeh region, Isfahan, Iran. Experimental: This study has done based on applying the desert survey, information of local people, and identification, classification and introducing these plants. Then the plant species were collected and transferred to the department of botany in Isfahan Research Center for Natural Resources in order to be identified after drying and preparing their herbarium. Results & Discussion: Finally, 200 plant species were identified; from which 75 ones, belonged to 73 genera, and 33 families with medicinal properties, were identified. From this number, 75% are herbaceous, ten percent shrubby and 15 percent are arboreous. The highest number of medicinal species belongs to the Lamiaceae family with nine species, Asteraceae family with eight species, Rosaceae family with six species, and the families Apiaceae, Papilionaceae, and Brassicaceae with five species. These plants are used in traditional medicine for treatment of gastrointestinal ailments, relaxation, cough, diarrhea, low blood sugar, and hyperlipidemia. Recommended applications/industries: According to results of this study, the preservation and conservation of some herbs species is essential. This document can play a role in preserving the indigenous knowledge of using these plants.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

شناسایی و جمع آوری گیاهان دارویی منطقه مبارکه اصفهان بر پایه دانش سنتی

Authors [Persian]

  • شاهین مردانی نژاد 1
  • مهین جانی قربان 2
  • منصوره وزیرپور 1
1 دانشکده علوم پایه و فنی مهندسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مبارکه، اصفهان، ایران
2 مرکز تحقیقات منابع طبیعی و امور دام استان اصفهان، بخش گیاه شناسی، اصفهان، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

مقدمه و هدف: سرعت نابودی اطلاعات و دانش استفاده سنتی از گیاهان نبست به سرعت انقراض گیاهان بیشتر است، این تحقیق به هدف ثبت و ذخیره دانش محلی و بازمانده های فرهنگی استفاده از گیاهان دارویی در درمان بیماری ها در شهرستان مبارکه انجام شد. روش تحقیق: تحقیق حاضر با استفاده از پیمایش های صحرایی، اطلاعات افراد بومی، شناسایی، دسته بندی و معرفی این گیاهان صورت گرفته است. گونه های گیاهی پس از جمع آوری، خشک کردن و تهیه هرباریوم آن ها، برای شناسایی به بخش گیاه شناسی مرکز تحقیقات منابع طبیعی استان اصفهان منتقل شدند. نتایج و بحث: در نهایت 200 گونه گیاهی شناسایی شدند، از این تعداد 75 گونه متعلق به73 جنس و33 تیره با خاصیت دارویی تشخیص داده شدند. در کل تعداد  75 درصد علفی، 10 درصد درختچه ای و 15 درصد درختی  هستند. بیشترین تعداد گونه های دارویی متعلق به تیره نعناعیان Lamiaceae با 9 گونه،  تیره ستاره آسا یا کاسنی Asteraceae با 8 گونه، تیره­های گلسرخ  Rosaceaeبا 6 گونه و تیره­های جعفری Apiaceae، پروانه آسا Papilionaceae و شب بو Brassicaceae با 5 گونه در رتبه های بعدی قرار دارند. توصیه کاربردی/ صنعتی: گیاهان معرفی شده در این تحقیق در طب سنتی برای رفع ناراحتی گوارشی، تسکین اعصاب، ضد سرفه، رفع اسهال، کاهش قند و چربی خون و .. استفاده می شده است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • طب سنتی گیاهان دارویی دانش بومی
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