Essential oil composition of Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.) from Southern Iran

Document Type: Original article

Authors

Department of Agriculture, Fasa Branch, Islamic Azad University, Fasa, Iran

Abstract

Background & Aim: Essential oil of pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.) has many applications in food, perfume and pharmaceutical industries. The aim of this study was to determine the content and chemical constituents of pennyroyal essential oil growing wild in Southern Iran. Experimental: The aerial parts of the plant were collected around Hajiabad, Hormozgan province in 2013. The essential oil of dried aerial parts was extracted by hydro-distillation and analyzed using GC-MS. Results: The oil yield of pennyroyal aerial parts was 0.6% (v/w). In total, 55 compounds were identified in the essential oil that oxygenated monoterpenes were dominant. The major oil constituents were pulegone (46.18%), piperitenone (19.56%), 1,8-cineole (4.55 %), and piperitenone oxide (4.23%). Recommended applications/industries: Mentha pulegium is a good raw source of pulegone that has been widely used in food and drug industries. 

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

ترکیبات شیمیایی اسانس پونه (Mentha pulegium L.) جمع آوری شده از جنوب ایران

Authors [Persian]

  • علی خلیلی پور
  • محمود دژم
گروه کشاورزی، واحد فسا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، فسا، ایران.
Abstract [Persian]

مقدمه و هدف: اسانس پونه (Mentha pulegium L.)کاربردهای متعددی درصنایع غذایی، عطرسازی و داروسازی دارد. هدف این پژوهش تعیین میزان وترکیبات اسانس پونه وحشی از جنوب ایران بود. روش تحقیق:اندام های هوایی این گیاه از اطراف شهرستان حاجی آباد (استان هرمزگان ) در سال 1392 جمع آوری شدند. اسانس بخش های هوایی خشک شده به روش تقطیر با آب استخراج گردید و با استفاده از کروماتوگرافی گازی متصل به طیف نگار جرمی تجزیه شد. نتایج و بحث: عملکرد اسانس اندام های هوایی پونه 6/. درصد (حجم/وزن) بود. در مجموع  55ترکیب در این اسانس شناسایی شدند که ترکیبات مونوترپن اکسیژنه غالب بودند. ترکیبات عمده اسانس به ترتیب شامل پولگون (18/46 درصد)، پیپریتنون  (56/19درصد)، 1،8-سینئول (55/4 درصد) و پیپریتنون اکسید (23/4 درصد) بودند. توصیه کاربردی/ صنعتی: پولگون به عنوان مهمترین ترکیب شناسایی شده در گونه پونه   (Mentha pulegium L.) کاربردهای فراوانی در صنایع داروسازی، غذایی و غیره دارد

Keywords [Persian]

  •  پونه  ترکیبات فرار  پولگون  کروماتوگرافی گازی متصل به طیف نگار جرمی
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