Folk Herbal Veterinary Medicines of Zilberchay Watershed of East Azerbaijan (Iran)

Document Type: Original article

Authors

University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

Abstract

Background & Aim: Ethnoveterinary medicinal plants of Iran are not scientifically well known, but they have been using traditionally especially in rural areas.This study was carried out to identify the Folk Herbal Veterinary Medicines (FHVM) of ZilberChay watershed in east Azerbaijan province in northwest of Iran. Experimental: FHVM plants were identified by collecting plant species from the study area and comparing them with previous studies to identify the plant with FHVM value. Overall, 493 plant species that were belong to 243 genera and 59 families were collected. From those, 42 species belong to 37 genera and 23 families were identified as FHVM. Results: These plants can be used for treatment of different disease and syndromes in livestock, such as internal parasites, mastitis, burns, skin disease, gastrointestinal tract problems, diarrhea, etc. Results showed that most of the FHVM belong to the families including: Fabaceae (14.29%), Asteraceae (14.29%), Apiaceae (7.14%), Poaceae (7.14%), Rosaceae (7.14%), Cupressaceae (4.76%), Lamiaceae(4.76%) and Moraceae (4.76%). Moreover, results showed that chrotypes of identified FHVM belong to IT (Irano-Toranian) with 49.1%, Plur (Plural) with 27.27%, ES (Euro-Siberian) with 18.18 % and M (Mediterranean) regions with 5.45%, respectively. Furthermore, identified FHVM belong to life forms of He (Hemicryptophytes) with 55%; Ph (Phanerophytes) with 26.19%; Th (Therophytes) with 14.28% and Ch (Chamaephytes) with 4.76%, respectively. Recommended applications/industries: Identifying FHVM of ZilberChay and their application in treating domestic animals can give us opportunity to increase our knowledge about FHVM and attempt to conserve the area and its plant species.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

گیاهان داروئی محلی دارای کاربرد دامپزشکی حوضه آبخیز زیلبرچای در آذربایجان شرقی (ایران)

Authors [Persian]

  • اردوان قربانی
  • فرزاد میرزایی
  • رقیه ولی زاده یونجالی
هیات علمی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

مقدمه و هدف: گیاهان داروئی دامپزشکی ایران بخوبی شناخته نشده‌اند، اما از دیرباز بطور سنتی در مناطق روستایی ایران کاربرد داشته-اند. این مطالعه به منظور شناخت گیاهان داروئی در درمان بیماری‌های دام در حوضه آبخیز زیلبرچای در استان آذربایجان شرقی در شمال غرب ایران انجام گرفت. روش تحقیق:پس از جمع‌آوری گونه‌های گیاهی منطقه مورد مطالعه، این گونه‌ها با نتایج مطالعات قبلی برای شناسایی گونه‌های دارای ازرش داروئی مقایسه شدند. بطورکلی، 493 گونه گیاهی متعلق به 243 جنس و 59 خانواده جمع‌آوری و از بین این گیاهان 42 گونه‌ی متعلق به 37 جنس و 23 خانواده به عنوان گیاهان داروئی دامپزشکی معرفی شدند. نتایج و بحث: گیاهان شناسایی شده در درمان بیماری و سندروم‌های مختلفی در دام‌های اهلی مانند انگل‌های داخلی، ورم پستان، سوختگی‌ها، بیماری‌های پوستی، مشکلات دستگاه گوارش، اسهال و غیره قابلیت استفاده دارند. نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که بیشتر گیاهان داروئی دامپزشکی به خانواده‌‌های Fabaceace ( 29/14%)، Asteraceae (29/14%)، Apiaceae (14/7%)،Poaceae (14/7%)، Rosaceae (14/7%)،Cupressaceae (76/4%) ،Lamiaceae (76/4%)  و Moraceae (76/4%) تعلق دارند. علاوه‌براین، نتایج نشان دادند که کروتیپ‌های تعیین شده گیاهان داروئی دامپزشکی زیلبرچای به‌ترتیب متعلق به مناطق) IT ایران توران)1/49%، Plur (چند کروتیپی) 27/27%، ES  (اروپایی سیبریایی) 18/18%، و ) M (مدیترانه‌ای) 45/5% بودند. علاوه‌براین، گونه‌های دامپزشکی شناسایی شده به-ترتیب متعلق به اشکال زیستیHe  (همی کریپتوفیت)55%،  ) Phفانروفیت) 26/19%، ) Th تروفیت) 28/14% و) Chکامافیت) 76/4% بودند. توصیه کاربردی/ صنعتی: شناسائی گیاهان داروئی دامپزشکی حوضه آبخیز زیلبرچای و کابرد آنها در درمان دام‌ها اهلی می‌تواند فرصت افزایش دانش در ارتباط با گیاهان داروئی دامپزشکی و تلاش برای حفظ منطقه زیلبرچای و گونه‌های گیاهی آن را برای ما فراهم می‌کند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • گیاهان داروئی دامپزشکی اتنووتریناری دام‌های اهلی آذربایجان شرقی زیلبرچای

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