Essential oil composition of Tanacetum chiliophyllum var. oligocephalum from Iran

Document Type: Original article

Authors

1 1Department of Biology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran;

2 Department of Biology, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran, Iran;

Abstract

Background & Aim: The genus Tanacetum L. belongs to the family Asteraceae and tribe Anthemideae. According to the recent findings the number of Tanacetum species in Iran is 36, of which 12 are endemic. In this study the essential oil composition of Tanacetum chiliophyllum var. oligocephalum was investigated for the first time.   Experimental: The plant was collected during flowering stage from west Azerbaijan province of Iran, Naghadeh. The essential oil was isolated by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS.  Results & Discussion: The oil with the yield of 0.5% (w/w) based on the dry weight of plant was analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS and identified. Twenty-seven components were identified representing 99.7% of the total essential oil. 1,8-Cineole (28.8%), camphor (12.8%), santolina alcohol (11.7%) and linalool (7.1%) were determined as major compounds. Recommended applications/industries: Different members of the genus Tanacetum have compounds with high medicinal value. Essential oil of the studied species with respect to the high amount of 1,8-cineole, camphor and linalool can be considered as a natural source of these valuable medicinal compounds.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

شناسایی ترکیبات شیمیائی اسانس Tanacetum chiliophyllum var. oligocephalum در ایران

Authors [Persian]

  • مهران مجرد آشنا آباد 1
  • علی سنبلی 2
  • ناصر نصیری 2
1 گروه زیست شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران؛
2 گروه بیولوژی، پژوهشکده گیاهان و مواد اولیه دارویی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران؛
Abstract [Persian]

مقدمه و هدف: جنس Tanacetum L. متعلق به قبیله بابونه (Anthemideae) از تیره کاسنی (Asteraceae) است. بر اساس آخرین تحقیقات انجام شده تعداد گونه های این جنس در ایران 36 گونه است که تعداد 12 گونه آن انحصاری ایران می باشد. هدف از این تحقیق استخراج و شناسائی ترکیبات شیمیائی اسانس گونه Tanacetum chiliophyllum var. oligocephalum است که برای اولین بار گزارش می شود. روش تحقیق: اندام هوائی این گیاه در زمان گلدهی کامل از استان آذربایجان غربی، شهر نقده جمع آوری و به روش تقطیر با آب اسانس گیری شد. اسانس به دست آمده با استفاده از سولفات سدیم آبگیری و توسط دستگاه های GC-FID و GC-MS آنالیز و شناسائی شد. نتایج و بحث: راندمان اسانس بر اساس وزن اسانس نسبت به وزن خشک گیاه معادل 5/0 درصد به دست آمد. در کل 7/99 درصد ترکیبات اسانس شامل 27 ترکیب شناسایی گردید. 1و8-سینئول با 8/28 درصد، کامفور با 8/12 درصد، سانتولینا الکل با 7/11 درصد و لینالول با 1/7 درصد به عنوان ترکیبات اصلی شناسائی شدند. توصیه کاربردی/ صنعتی: گونه های مختلف جنس Tanacetum دارای ترکیبات با ارزش داروئی هستند. اسانس گونه مطالعه شده با توجه به درصد بالای 1و8-سینئول، کامفور و لینالول که از ترکیبات داروئی مهم هستند می تواند به عنوان منبع طبیعی این ترکیبات مد نظر قرار بگیرد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • اسانس Tanacetum کمپوزیته اوکالیپتول کامفور
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