An overview on genus Thymus

Document Type: Review article

Authors

1 1Medicinal Plants Department, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, 88146, Iran 2Medicinal Plants Program, College of Natural Sciences, Massachusetts University, Amherst, 01003, MA, USA

2 Medicinal Plants Department, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, 88146, Iran

Abstract

The genus Thymus L. belongs to the Lamiaceae family, consist of about 215 species of herbaceous perennials and small shrubs in the world. They originated from Mediterranean region. This genus is presented in Iranian flora by 14 species, including: T. daenensis, T. carmanicus, T. fallax, T. persicus, T. trautvetteri, T. migricus, T. kotschyanus, T. pubesens, T. nummularius, T. transcaspicus, T. eriocalyx, T. caucasicus, T. transcaucasicus, and T. fedtschenkoi. Thyme is an aromatic and medicinal herb that has been widely used in folk medicine, food preservatives and pharmaceutical preparations. Overall, this genus is one of the most popular plants throughout the entire world due to its volatile constituents. Thymol and carvacrol are the major compounds in most of the Thymus essential oils. The therapeutic potential of thyme rests on contents of thymol, carvacrol, flavonoids, eugenol, aliphatic phenols as well as luteolin, saponins, and tetra methoxylated flavones. The essential oil of thyme has antibacterial, antiseptic, antifungal, anti-parasitic and antioxidant activity.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

مروری بر جنس گیاه دارویی آویشن

Authors [Persian]

  • عبدالله قاسمی پیربلوطی 1
  • زهره امامی بیستگانی 2
  • فاطمه ملک پور 2
1 1. گروه گیاهان دارویی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران 2. برنامه گیاهان دارویی، کالچ علوم طبیعی، دانشگاه ایالتی ماساچوست آمریکا، ماساچوست، 01003، آمریکا
2 گروه گیاهان دارویی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران

Keywords [Persian]

  • تیمول
  • گیاه دارویی و معطر
  • کارواکرول
  • نعناعیان
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