Identification and characterization of chemical composition of Rhus coriaria L. fruit from Hamadan, Western Iran

Document Type : Short communication


1 Department of Horticultural Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Pharmaceutical Research Center, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran

4 Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

5 Department of Phytopathology , Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran


Background & Aim: Identification, characterization and detection of medicinal plants chemical composition are very important for phytochemical scientific source. Sumac is one of the medicinal plants in the world that uses for industrial and pharmacological application. In this study, chemical composition of Rhus coriaria has been investigated.
Experimental: Chemical composition of the mature and ripe fruit of Rhus coriaria cultivated in Hamedan (Iran) climatic conditions has been analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS).

Results & Discussion: In total 191 compounds were identified in sumac fruit including, 78 hydrolysable tannins (Gallic acid), 59 flavonoid such as, Apigenin, 40 other compounds such as Butein, 9 anthocyanins such as Cyanidin.

Industrial and practical recommendations: The results indicated that this plant is one of the extensive sources of bioactive phytochemical, phenolic compounds and as a source of functional ingredients in chemical, pharmaceutical industries, traditional medicine and herbal drugs as widespread uses in the world.


Article Title [فارسی]

شناسایی ترکیبات شیمیایی میوه گونه Rhus coriaria L از همدان

Authors [فارسی]

  • حمیدرضا اردلانی 1
  • مریم حسن پور مقدم 2
  • امین هادی پناه 1
  • فرنوش فتوت 3
  • علی عزیزی 4
  • جلال سلطانی 5
1 گروه علوم باغبانی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
2 مرکز تحقیقات دارویی، دانشکده داروسازی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران
3 گروه آموزشی پروتزهای دندانی دانشکده دندانپزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران
4 گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران
5 گروه آسیب شناسی گیاهی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

Keywords [فارسی]

  • فیتوشیمی ترکیبات شیمیایی Anacardiaceae HPLC-MS
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