The ethnopharmacological review of medicinal plants in uses hypertension treatment in Iranian complementary medicine

Document Type : Original article


Department of Horticultural Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Background & Aim: One of the most common diseases in the world, especially among Iranian people, is high blood pressure which can cause many cardiovascular disorders such as heart attack. The disease is often associated with other diseases such as diabetes and hyperlipidemia. Methyldopa and captopril are the most common drugs among several medications used to control blood pressure in Iran. Nowadays, herbal medicines are very prevalent because medicinal plants have least of the side effects. Various herbals are used in the Iranian traditional medicine to improve hypertension, but among them, barberry, olive leaf, garlic, celery, sumac and hibiscus are the most prevalent. Experimental: In this paper, the most herbs in uses in treatment of hypertension were studied and these effects of natural products on these plants were clarified.
Results & Discussion: The results indicate that these plants and their phenolic compounds can be used as an alternative or supplement to chemical medicines used to control blood pressure. Industrial and practical recommendations: There is suggestion for pharmaceuticals and food industrials to use of these herbs for improve new methodology in herbal drugs production.


Article Title [فارسی]

مطالعه گیاهان دارویی مرسوم در کنترل فشار خون در طب مکمل ایرانی

Author [فارسی]

  • حمیدرضا اردلانی
گروه علوم باغبانی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

مقدمه و هدف:یکی از مهمترین بیماری های رایج در جهان بالاخص در ایران، فشار خون است که مشکلات بسیاری همچون حملات و  سکته های قلبی را بوجود می آورد. بیماری فشار خون اغلب با بیماری های دیگری نظیر دیابت و چربی خون همراه است. داروی متیل دوپا و کاپتوپریل پرمصرف ترین داروی کنترل فشار خون در ایران است. امروزه گیاهان دارویی به دلیل داشتن حداقل عوارض جانبی بسیار قابل توجه هستند. گیاهان دارویی بسیاری در طب سنتی ایران جهت کنترل فشار خون استفاده می شود که می توان از آنها  به زرشک، برگ زیتون، سیر، کرفس، سماق و چای ترش اشاره کرد روش تحقیق: در این مطالعه به گیاهان پرمصرف در در درمان و کنترل فشارخون و مواد موثره آنها و همچنین مطالعات بالینی آنها پرداخته می شود. نتایج و بحث: نتایج بدست آمده از مطالعه نشان می دهد که گیاهان دارویی مذکور می تواند به عنوان مکمل همراه با داروهای شیمیایی اثرات بسیار بهتری داشته باشد و از عوارض جانبی مصرف بیش از حد داروهای شیمیایی در کنترل فشار خون بکاهد. توصیه کاربردی/ صنعتی: همچنین در آخر به صنایع دارویی و غذایی توصیه می شود روش های نوین در فرمولاسیون  گیاهان دارویی و ساخت داروهای گیاهی نوترکیب را بکار گیرند.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • اتنوفارماکولوژی
  • فشار خون
  • گیاهان دارویی
  • طب مکمل
  • ایران
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