Ethnomedicinal plants of Farouj district, North Khorasan province, Iran

Document Type: Original article

Authors

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Lorestan University, 5Km Khorramabad toward Tehran, Khorramabad, Iran

Abstract

Background & Aim: Medicinal plants are one of the most valuable resources in Iran, having a scientific knowledge and proper use; they can play an important role in community health. Some of the significant aims of ethnobotany project are to indicate the most common medicinal species, finding out the exact application of the plant species from various population of the area, and proving the knowledge of ethnobotany among human beings. Experimental: To achieve these goals, the project has been conducted in Farouj, North Khorasan province, Iran in 2014-2015. To acquire ethnobotanical data of the studied area, several steps were taken such as the accumulation of plants, interviews with native people, and distribution of the questionnaires. Some important indices such as the relative frequency of citation (RFC), informant agreement ratio (IAR), and cultural important index (CI) were estimated. Furthermore, a traditional null hypothesis testing was adopted.
Results & Discussion: A total of 91 taxa belonging to 29 families were identified, 73 of which are grown naturally in the studied area. Asteraceae and Brassicaceae were the most detected families with 16 and 9 genera, respectively. Other diseases and digestive ones are the most curable ailments in Farouj County. Most of the parts of the plants that were collected consist of leaves (22%), whole plants (18%) and seeds (14%), orderly. Vitis vinifera L. has the maximum relative frequency of citation and cultural importance indices. Farouj area has a great potential in the growing of pharmaceutical plants. This research has been done for the first time in this area. Industrial and practical recommendations: Plant extracts can be used as cure for many diseases and some extracts might have new beneficial effects on illness.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

کاربرد گیاهان دارویی در منطقه فاروج، استان خراسان شمالی، ایران

Authors [Persian]

  • آتنا اسلامی فروجی
  • حامد خدایاری
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Lorestan University, 5Km Khorramabad toward Tehran, Khorramabad, Iran
Abstract [Persian]

سابقه و هدف: گیاهان دارویی یکی از مهمترین منابع در ایران هستند، با استفاده از دانش علمی و استفاده صحیح، آن‌ها می‌توانند نقش مهمی را در سلامت جامعه بازی کنند. برخی از اهداف مهم پروژه اتنوبوتانی به نمایش گذاشتن گونه‌های دارویی رایج، یافتن کاربرد دقیق گونه‌های گیاهی در میان جمعیت‌های گوناگون منطقه و اثبات دانش اتنوبوتانی در میان مردم می‌باشد. مواد و روش‌ها: برای رسیدن به اهداف بالا، مطالعه‌ای در فاروج، استان خراسان شمالی، ایران در محدوده زمانی 1393 – 1394 انجام شد. برای جمع‌آوری اطلاعات، گام‌های متعددی همچون جمع‌آوری گیاهان، مصاحبه با مردم بومی و توزیع پرسشنامه صورت پذیرفت. برخی شاخص‌های مهم همچون فروانی نسبی نقل قول (RFC)، نسبت توافق گویندگان (IAR) و شاخص اهمیت فرهنگی (CI) برآورد شد. به علاوه، آزمون فرض صفر نیز انجام پذیرفت. نتایج و بحث: در مجموع 91 تاکسون متعلق به 29 خانواده شناسایی شد. از میان 91 تاکسون، 73 گونه در منطقه مورد مطالعه رویش طبیعی دارند. خانواده‌های Asteraceae و Brassicaceae به ترتیب با 16 و 9 سرده بیشترین فراوانی را به خود اختصاص دادند. در شهرستان فاروج، سایر بیماری‌ها و بیماری‌های گوارشی بیشترین بیماری‌های قابل علاج بودند. بیشترین قطعات گیاهی که مورد جمع‌آوری قرار گرفت به ترتیب شامل برگ‌ها (22%)، کل اندام گیاه (18%) و دانه‌ها (14%) است. گونه Vitis vinifera L. دارای بیشترین فراوانی نسبی نقل قول و شاخص اهمیت فرهنگی بود. منطقه فاروج دارای پتانسیل عظیمی در رشد گیاهان دارویی است. این تحقیق برای اولین بار در این ناحیه صورت پذیرفت. توصیه صنعتی و عملی: عصاره گیاهان می‌تواند برای درمان بسیاری از بیماری‌ها استفاده شود و برخی از عصاره‌ها ممکن است فایده جدیدی برای درمان بیماری‌ها داشته باشد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • اتنوبوتانی
  • فاروج
  • خراسان شمالی
  • ایران
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