Hypericum perforatum and probiotic effects on performance, carcass characteristics and intestinal morphology in Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica)

Document Type: Original article

Authors

Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract

Background & Aim:Hypericum perforatum L. is native to Iran. This herb is one of the most important medicinal plants and had many medical effects.This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding Hypericum perforatum and protexin on performance, carcass characteristics and intestinal morphology Japanese quails. Experimental: A total of 240 ten days old quails were divided into eight treatments with three replicates as factorial randomized design. The treatments were divided as basal diet with no protexin and Hypericum perforatum kept as control, and 0.2% (H1), 0.4% (H2) and 0.6 % (H3) Hypericum perforatum with 0.02 % or without protexin as P0 and P1 were used respectively. The live body weight gains, feed intake and feed conversion ratio of quails were calculated weekly. At the end of the trial two birds (male) form each replicates were slaughtered and dressing percentage were calculated and some carcass traits were weighed separately as percentage of carcass weight.  Results: Data indicated that using of protexin and Hypericum perforatum increased feed intake (FI) in treatments compared to control group. Also body weight (BW) (g/d) and Pre-slaughter weight (g) were higher in protexin and Hypericum perforatum compared to the control. There were no significant differences (p<0.05) for feed conversation ratio (FCR) among treatments.  Recommended applications/industries: Considering that body weight gain of Japanese quails can improve by increasing the level of Hypericum perforatum in diet, this herb is recommended for industrial poultry farm.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

اثر گل راعی و پروبیوتیک بر عملکرد، صفات لاشه و مورفولوژی روده در بلدرچین ژاپنی

Authors [Persian]

  • مصطفی بنی شریف
  • فرشید خیری
  • سید محمدعلی جلالی
Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch, Shahrekord, Iran
Abstract [Persian]

خلاصه و هدف: گل راعی گیاه بومی ایران است. این گیاه یکی از مهمترین گیاهان با تاثیرات متنوع دارویی می باشد. این آزمایش برای بررسی اثرات تغذیه گل راعی و پروتکسن روی عملکرد، خصوصیات لاشه و مورفولوژی روده بلدرچین ژاپنی انجام شد.
روش تحقیق : آزمایشی با240 قطعه جوجه ده روزه بلدرچین ژاپنی باهشت تیمار وسه تکرار در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی انجام شد. تیمارها به تیمار شاهد (بدون پروتکسین وگل راعی)،2/0درصد( (h14/0درصد(h2)و 6/0 درصد(h3)  با پروتکسین (p1) و بدون  پروتکسین (po) استفاده شد. وزن زنده ،مصرف خوراک  و ضریب تبدیل خوراکی  در هر هفته اندازه گیری شد.  در پایان  آزمایش  دو بلدرچین (نر)  از هر تکرار کشتار و  صفات لاشه  به صورت مجزا محاسبه شد.
نتایج: داده ها نشان داد استفاده از گل راعی  و پروتکسین  نسبت به  تیمار شاهد مصرف خوراک اقزایش یافت. همچنین وزن بدن و وزن لاشه در تیماری که گل راعی وپروتکسین  استفاده کرده بودند بیشتر از گروه شاهد  بود. ضریب تبدیل  غذایی  بین تیمارها تفاوت معنی داری(05/0>P) نداشت.
توصیه های کاربردی/ صنعتی : بررسی ها نشان داد با افزودن سطوح متفاوت گل راعی به جیره غذایی وزن بدن بادرچین ژاپنی افزایش یافت، که این گیاه دارویی را می توان برای این صنعت توصیه نمود.

Keywords [Persian]

  • Hypericum Perforatum
  • Protexin
  • Performance
  • Intestinal morphology
  • Japanese quails
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