Quantitative and qualitative changes of essential oil of Artemisia haussckenechtii in different phenological stages

Document Type: Original article

Authors

1 Department of Biology, Isamic Azad University, Branch of Broujerd, Broujerd, Iran Department of Biology, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran

2 Department of Biology, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran

Abstract

Background & Aim: Artemisia species with common Persian name of Dermaneh are found all over Iran and are used for treatment in infectious diseases such as malaria, hepatitis and other diseases. Some Artemisia species are used in traditionally as tonic and anti-helmintic in north of Iran. Artemisia haussknechtii is used in dyspepsia and other gastrointestinal disorders by local people in the western part of Iran.
Experimental: The plant materials were collected from Chamashk in South of Khoramabad in Lorestan province at three stages including before flowering, full flowering and post flowering stages and subjected to hydrodistillation using a Cleavenger type apparatus for 2 h.
Results & Discussion: The results showed that yields of essential oil were 1.2%, 2.5% and 1.6% w/w before flowering, full flowering and fruiting stages, respectively. Thirty three, sixteen and twenty nine compounds were identified in oils before flowering, full flowering and post flowering stages, respectively. Camphor, 1,8-cineol and cis-Davanone  and limonene were the main components of essential oil of different growth stages. Also camphor as the main constituent was obtained from flowering stage
Recommended applications/industries: Camphor as the main component of essential oil has shown health benefits as a stimulant, antispasmodic, antiseptic, decongestant, anesthetic, sedative, anti-inflammatory, and insecticide substance.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی تغییرات کمی و کیفی اسانس گیاه Artemisia haussckenechtii درسه مرحله نموی در استان لرستان

Authors [Persian]

  • حمزه امیری 1
  • مسعود گودرزی 2
1 گروه بیولوژی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بروجرد، بروجرد، ایران
2 گروه بیولوژی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد، ایران
Abstract [Persian]

مقدمه و هدف: گونه های Artemisia که در فارسی با نام درمنه معروف هستند در بیشتر نقاط ایران می رویند و برای درمان بیماری های عفونی مثل مالاریا، هپاتیت و دیگر بیماری های عفونی به کار می روند. از گونه های درمنه بصورت سنتی به عنوان مقوی و ضدانگل استفاده می نمایند. در مناطق غربی ایران  Artemisia haussknechtii.  در درمان سوء هاضمه و اختلالات گوارشی مورد استفاده قرار می گیرد.
روش تحقیق: بخش­های هوایی گیاه مورد نظر از منطقه چمشک در جنوب شهرستان خرم آباد واقع در استان لرستان جمع آوری گردید و پس از خشک شدن در سایه جهت اسانس گیری با روش تقطیر با آب(Hydrodistillation) مورداستفاده قرارگرفت. اسانس بدست آمده از این گیاه به وسیله دستگاههای GC-MS  و GC آنالیز گردید.
نتایج و بحث: نتایج نشان داد که بازده اسانس در مراحل قبل از گلدهی،  گلدهی و پس از گلدهی به ترتیب2/1%، 5/2% و 6/1% بود. 33 ترکیب در روغن اسانسی مرحله قبل از گلدهی، 16ترکیب در اسانس مرحله گلدهی و 29 ترکیب در اسانس مرحله پس از گلدهی شناسایی شد. کامفور، 1و8-سینئول و سیس داونون مهمترین ترکیب های اسانس در طی سه مرحله مورد مطالعه است. همچنین بیشترین مقدار کامفور به عنوان مهمترین ترکیب اسانس در در مرحله گلدهی به دست می آید.  
توصیه کاربردی/صنعتی: کامفور به عنوان مهمترین ترکیب اسانس این گیاه دارای خواصی از جمله محرک، ضد اسپاسم، ضد عفونی کننده، ضد احتقان، داروی بیهوشی، مسکن، ضد االتهاب و آفت کش است.  

Keywords [Persian]

  • Artemisia haussckenechtii
  • درمنه
  • کامفور
  • 1و8-سینئول
  • سیس-داونون

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