Acute and sub-chronic toxicity study of methanol stem bark extract of Bombax costatum Pellgr. Et Vuillet (Bombacaceae) in mice

Document Type: Original article

Authors

1 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria;

2 Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria

Abstract

Background & Aim:Bombax costatumis widely used in the African traditional medicine for the management of liver diseases, fever, epilepsy and pain but its safety on prolong administration have not been evaluated. The present study aimed at evaluating the toxicological properties of the methanol stem bark extract (MSBE) of Bombax costatum.
Experimental: Oral median lethal dose (LD50) was estimated. Effects of methanol stem bark extract of Bombax costatum (MSBE)(31.25, 62.5 and 125 mg/kg) on mean body weight, relative organ weight (ROW), liver function, kidney function, lipid profile, haematological parameters and histopathological changes in some organs were evaluated following 28 days daily oral administration to mice.
Results: Oral LD50 of MSBE of B. costatum was estimated to be >5000 mg/kg. There was significant (p>0.005) increase in mean body weight of mice over time. The extract caused significant (p<0.05) increase in ROW of liver and significant (p<0.05) decrease in ROW of the kidneys at 125mg/kg. Significant increase in alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase were also observed at 125 mg/kg when compared to normal control group. Mild to moderate necrosis were also observed in the liver and kidneys of treated groups.
Recommended applications/industries: The results suggested that prolong oral administration of methanol stem bark extract of B.costatum at doses higher than 62.5 mg/kg might be toxic to the liver and kidneys.

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی سمیت حاد و مزمن عصاره متانولی پوست گیاه Bombax costatum (Bombacaceae در موش

Authors [Persian]

  • نونو محمد 1
  • جوسف آنوکا 1
  • علیو موسی 2
  • جامیلو یاو 1
1 گروه داروسازی و درمانی ، دانشگاه احمدو بل زریا ، نیجریه؛
2 گروه شیمی دارویی و دارویی ، علوم دارویی ، دانشگاه احمدو بل زریا ، نیجریه
Abstract [Persian]

Background & Aim:Bombax costatumis widely used in the African traditional medicine for the management of liver diseases, fever, epilepsy and pain but its safety on prolong administration have not been evaluated. The present study aimed at evaluating the toxicological properties of the methanol stem bark extract (MSBE) of Bombax costatum.
Experimental: Oral median lethal dose (LD50) was estimated. Effects of methanol stem bark extract of Bombax costatum (MSBE)(31.25, 62.5 and 125 mg/kg) on mean body weight, relative organ weight (ROW), liver function, kidney function, lipid profile, haematological parameters and histopathological changes in some organs were evaluated following 28 days daily oral administration to mice.
Results: Oral LD50 of MSBE of B. costatum was estimated to be >5000 mg/kg. There was significant (p>0.005) increase in mean body weight of mice over time. The extract caused significant (p<0.05) increase in ROW of liver and significant (p<0.05) decrease in ROW of the kidneys at 125mg/kg. Significant increase in alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase were also observed at 125 mg/kg when compared to normal control group. Mild to moderate necrosis were also observed in the liver and kidneys of treated groups.
Recommended applications/industries: The results suggested that prolong oral administration of methanol stem bark extract of B.costatum at doses higher than 62.5 mg/kg might be toxic to the liver and kidneys.

Keywords [Persian]

  • Bombax costatum
  • Toxicity
  • Necrosis
  • safety
  • Transaminase
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