Chemical composition of essential oil from the aerial parts of Salvia spinosa L. collected from Isfahan

Document Type : Short communication


1 Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran;

2 Department of Agronomy and plant Breeding, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Horticulture, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Background & Aim: Salvia spinosa L. is a perennial shrub and aromatic plant belongs to the family Lamiaceae. S. spinosa grows wild in some districts of Iran. The aim of this study was to identify of the chemical components of S. spinosa in Isfahan climatic conditions.
Experimental: The aerial parts of the plants were collected from Isfahan province in 2014. The essential oil was extracted by a Clevenger approach and analyzed using GC/MS.
Results: In total, 21 compounds were identified in the essential oil from the aerial parts of S. spinosa. Results indicated that the major components in the oil of  S. spinosa were α-terpinolene (32.73%), β-ocimene (30.92%), β-patchoulene (12.78%), β-bourbonene (4.26%), and 1,8-cineol (2.88%).
Recommended applications/industries: There is only little report on the essential oil composition of S. spinosa from Isfahan, Iran, that S.spinosa can use in traditional medicines for activity antimicrobial. 


Article Title [فارسی]

ترکیبات شیمیایی اسانس اندام هوایی گونه ای سالویا (Salvia spinosa L) جمع آوری شده از اصفهان

Authors [فارسی]

  • سعید صالحی 1
  • احمد رضا گل پرور 2
  • امین هادی پناه 3
1 گروه زراعت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد سنندج، سنندج، ایران
2 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران
3 گروه باغبانی-گیاهان داروئی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، تهران، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

مقدمه و هدف: Salvia spinosa L. گیاه چند ساله و معطر از خانواده نعناعیان می باشد. این گونه در نواحی مختلف ایران به صورت خودرو رشد می کند. هدف از این تحقیق شناسایی ترکیبات شیمیایی  Salvia spinosa L.در شرایط آب و هوایی اصفهان می باشد.
روش تحقیق: اندام هوایی این گیاه از منطقه اصفهان در بهار سال ١٣٩٣ جمع آوری شد. استخراج اسانس به روش تقطیر با آب و به کمک دستگاه اسانس گیری طرح کلونجر صورت گرفت. اسانس به وسیله دستگاه کروماتوگرافی گازی متصل به طیف سنج جرمی (GC/MS) مورد تجزیه و شناسایی قرار گرفت.
نتایج و بحث: نتایج حاصل از این تحقیق نشان داد که ۲١ ترکیب در اسانس  Salvia spinosa L. شناسایی شد. ترکیبات اصلی آن شامل: α-terpinolene (۷٣١/٣۲ %)، β-ocimene (٩١۵/٣٠ %)، β-patchoulene (۷۷٩/١۲ %)، β-bourbonene (۲۶٣/۴ %) و 1,8-cineol (۸۸٣/۲ %) بودند.
توصیه کاربردی/ صنعتی: به طور کلی گزارشات اندکی در مورد ترکیبات شیمیایی این گیاه در ایران گزارش شده است. با توجه به خواص دارویی آن و فعالیت ضد میکروبی آن می توان از این گیاه در تحقیقات آینده استفاده کرد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • (Salvia spinosa L) ترکیبات شیمیایی GC-MS
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