The Study of Economic Dimensions of Amygdalus lycioides Production in the Charmahal-o-bakhtiyari province

Document Type : Original article


Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Department of Economic, Faculty of Humanities, Shahrekord, Iran;


Background & Aim: Medicinal Plants of the raw materials necessary for the manufacturing industry provides, One of the main products of the country are, On the other hand, the villages, the economic development, the central role, the key is unmatched, To achieve this must be provided opportunities to increase revenue in villages, And one of these occasions, in the province of Charmahal-o-bakhtiyari medicinal plants, along with other agricultural activities And even grow new crops such as herbs instead of replacing traditional crops in the province. In this study the economic aspects of the operation of peanuts as a medicinal species native to the province, has been studied. Experimental: Required data obtained through interviews with a random sample of And the Domestic Resource Cost (DRC) analyzes have been. Results & Discussion: Results showed that province, this product has a potential comparative advantage in the production and Collecting and selling peanuts prone areas of the product net profit of 40130000 Rials for farmers involved. Recommended applications/industries: Considering that the native peanut Zagros region in the country, Agricultural Organization of training needed for planting and harvesting this product will provide effective methods to farmers. In this case, in addition to increasing farmers' income, In this case, in addition to increasing farmers' income, provided the raw material for the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, as well as rural migration to urban areas reduces the Mya.


Article Title [فارسی]

بررسی ابعاد اقتصادی تولید بادام کوهی در استان چهارمحال و بختیاری

Authors [فارسی]

  • محمود بخشی نژاد
  • جمشید پیک فلک
گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران؛
Abstract [فارسی]

مقدمه و هدف: سایر فعالیت­های کشاورزی و حتی جایگزین نمودن کشت محصولات جدیدی مانند گیاهان دارویی به جای محصولات سنتی در استان گیاهان دارویی از این جهت که مواد اولیه لازم را برای تولید صنایع داروسازی فراهم می نماید ،یکی از محصولات اساسی کشور محسوب می شوند، از طرفی نقش روستاهها، در توسعه اقتصادی، نقشی محوری،کلیدی و بی بدیل است، که برای رسیدن به این امر باید فرصتهای افزایش درآمد در روستاهها فراهم شود، و یکی از این فرصتها در استان چهارمحال و بختیاری تولید گیاهان دارویی در کنار است. در این پژوهش ابعاد اقتصادی بهره برداری از بادام کوهی به عنوان یکی از گونه های دارویی بومی استان، مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. روش تحقیق: داده های مورد نیاز از طریق مصاحبه با نمونه گیری تصادفی ساده به دست آمده و با استفاده از شاخص هزینه منابع داخلی مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفته اند، نتایج و بحث: نتایج حاصله حاکی از آن است که استان چهارمحال و بختیاری، در تولید این محصول دارای مزیت نسبی بالقوه ای است و جمع آوری و فروش بادام کوهی از مناطق مستعد این محصول سود خالصی معادل چهارمیلیون و یکصد وسی هزارریال برای کشاورزان در بر دارد. توصیه کاربردی/ صنعتی: با توجه به اینکه بادام کوهی بومی مناطق زاگرس در کشور می باشد، سازمان جهاد کشاورزی استان آموزشهای لازم را برای کاشت و داشت و برداشت این محصول از روشهای موثر به کشاورزان ارائه نماید. در این صورت علاوه بر افزایش درآمد کشاورزان ، مواد اولیه لازم برای تولید برخی دارویی فراهم شده و همچنین از مهاجرت رستاییا ن به شهرها می کاهد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • بادام کوهی چهارمحال و بختیاری هزینه منابع داخلی مزیت نسبی زاگرس
Azizi, A. and Yazdani, S. 2006. Check the apple export market with an emphasis on the principle of    comparative advantage export. Journal of Research and  construction in agriculture and horticulture., 73: 145-155.
Alberghina, O. 1978. The wild almond, Amygdalus webbii, of south west Sicily. Tecnica-Agricola., 30(6): 385-393.
Attar, F., Maroofi, H. and Vafadar, M. 2009. Amygdalus kurdistanica and A.orazii spp. nov. (Rosaceae) from Iran. Nord J Bot., 27: 324–327.
Browicz, K., and Zohary D. 1996. The genus Amygdalus L (Rosaceae): species relationships, distribution and evolution under domestication. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution., 43: 229–247.
Bruno, M. 1963. Domestic Resource Cost and effective protection: Clarification and synthesis. Journal of Political Economy., 80: 33-16.
Bageri, A., Nikooie, A.R. and Solymani pour, A. 2013. Studding of Labour use State in Production of Medicicinal Plants in Isfahan Province. The Proceeding of the Firt of Regional Symposium on the Medicinal, Condimental and Aromatic Plants (smcap). Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord Branch. (7 May 2006).
Daneshvar, K. and Dhqanyan M. 2007. Pythian QH. Review of comparative advantage of wheat in Mashhad plain water and dry. Journal of Agriculture Science. Ind., 21: 45-52.
Dehghani, A. 2003. Review the relative benefits of selected agricultural products. Research Institute for Agricultural Planning and Economics, Management and Processing Affairs Research Findings.
Dimitrovski, T. and Ristevski, B. 1973a. Investigations on the suitability of the wild Almond, Amygdalus webbii, as a rootstock. Jugoslovensko-Vocarstvo., 6(23): 15-21.
Ebadi, A., Momenpour, A. and Imani, A. 2010. Discrimination of self- compatibility in genotypes obtained fromalmond breeding program user fluorescence microscopy and PCR methods. Iranian Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology., 12(2): 101-110.
Fang, C. and Beghin, J. 2000. “Food Self-Sufficiency, Comparative advantage, and Agricultural Trade: A Policy Analysis Matrix for Chinese Agriculture.” Working Paper 99-WP 223, Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University.
Fathi, Y. 2003. Analysis of Comparative Advantage of export different group of food. Quarterly Agriculture Economic and Development. 38: 129-152.
Heley, S.L. 1985. The Theory of Agricultural Comparative Advantage. Unpub, Ph. D. diss, purdue University, West Lafayette.
Haji Rahimi, M. 1999. Economic incentives and comparative advantage of crop production in Fars province. MS Thesis, Shiraz University. 8645tr.
Hadrbady, GH. 2001. In order to predict wind speed used in the equations of waterevaporation (case study Zabol region). Proceedings of the first national conference review strategies to deal with water crisis. Vol. II.
Hook, J.P. 1992. The Comparative Advantage of Agricultural Economics. American Journal of Agricultural Economic., 1059-1065.
Huang, J., Song, J., Qiao, F. and Fuglie, O. 2003. Sweet potato in china: Economic aspect and utilization in pig production. International Potato Center (IPC).Bogor, Indonesia.
Karbassi, A.S., Karim, K. and Hashemite M. 2005.  Review of comparative advantage in producing cotton blue Golestan province. Journal of Agriculture Economics. Dev., 50: 29-53.
Leontief, W.1974. Domestic production and Foreign Trade: The American Capital position Re-Examined. Economic International.7.
Ladizinsky, G. 1999. On the origin of almond. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution., 46: 143–147. 
Leonardo, A. Mc Intire, L. and Christopher, L. Delgade.1985. Statisticalsignificance of efficiency and incentives: examples from WestAfrican agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, November., 38-733.
Mahanta., AK. 2005. The Comparative Advantage of Agricultural Economics. American Journal of Agricultural Economics., 156-165.
Mehdipour, A.S. and Kazem Nejad, M.V. 2006. Review of comparative advantage to produce potatoes in Iran. Journal of Agriculture Science., 1: 15-25.
Memedovic, O. 1994. On the Theory and Measurement of Comparative Advantage: An Empirical Analysis of Yugoslav Trade in Manufactures with the OECD Countries. 1970-1986. Amsterdam: Thesis Publishers.
Monke, E.A., Pearson S. R. 1989. The policy analysis matrix for agricultural development. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.
Muhammad, A. and Mustafa, U. 2011. “Comparative Advantage of Major Crops Production in Punjab: An Application of Policy Analysis Matrix”. The Lahore Journal of Economics., 16: 63-84.
Nelson, C.G. and Panggabean, M. 1991. The costs of Indonesian sugar policy: a policy analysis matrix approach. American Journal of Agricultural Economics., 73: 703-12.
Ornetti, P., Chevillote, H. and Zerrak, A. 2006. Maillerfert, J.F. Anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha therapy for rheumatoid and other inflammatory arthropathies: Update on safety in older patients. Drug.Aging ., 23: 855–860.
Potter, D., Gao, F., Bortiri, PE. Oh. SH. and Baggett, S. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships in Rosaceae inferred from chloroplast matK and trnL-trnF nucleotide sequence data. Plant Systematics and Evolution., 231: 77–89. 
Parsa, A. 1960. Medicinal plants and drugs of plant origin in Iran IV. Plant Foods Hum.Nutr., 7: 65–136.
Pearson, S., Gotsch, S. and Sjaiful, B. 2003. Introduction to the Policy Analysis Matrix, Applications of the Policy Analysis Matrix in Indonesian Agriculture, Published in Indonesia by Development. Alternative Inc, Food Policy Support Activity, First edition., 17- 45.
Quddus, M. and Mustafa, A. U. 2011. “Comparative Advantage of Major Crops Production in Punjab: An Application of Policy Analysis Matrix”. The Lahore Journal of Economics., 16: 63-84.
Rossi, D., Michael, S., Passarella, D., Flavio, L., Ornella A. and Simona C. 2012.Chiral Flavanones from Amygdalus lycioides Spach: Structural Elucidation and Identification of TNFalpha Inhibitors by Bioactivity-guided Fractionation.Molecules., 17: 1665-1674.
Rahimi gelsefidi, M. 2009.  Zagross Medicinal Plants. No 1.
Shahnvshy, N,.Dehghanian, S., Mohammad, G. and Azarinfar, YA.2007. Comparative advantage analysis of cereals in Khorasan province. Journal of Agriculture Science. Nat. Resour., 14: 1-19.
Shahabuddin, Q. and  Dorosh, P. 2002.Comparative advantage in Bangladesh crop production, International Food Policy ResearchInstitute.47, Washington D.C.
Tweeten, Luther. 1986. “Impact of Domestic Policy on Comparative Advantage of Agriculture in the South”. Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics., 18: 67-74.
Tagvaeifard, N., Sadeghi, H. and Ejraei, A. 2013. The Extract Effects of Foliage Leaf on Grass Waste. National Confrence on Medicinal Plants. Organized by Islamic Azad University, Ayatollah Amoli Branch.
Winter, NA. 1995. Measuring the comparative advantage of agricultural activities: domestic resource costs and the social cost-benefit ratio. American Journal of Agricultural Economics., 243-250.
Willcox, G., Buxo, R and Herveux, L. 2009. Late Pleistocene and early Holocene climate and the beginnings of cultivation in northern Syria. Holocene., 19: 151–158. 
Zhu, X., Demeter, R. and Oude L.A. 2008. Competitiveness of Dairy Farms in Three Countries: The Role of CAP Subsidies, Paper presented at the 12 Th EAAE Congress, Gent, and Belgium., 27-30.
Volume 5, 3 Special issue (in Persian or Farsi) - Serial Number 3
(Special issue: Full text in Farsi and Abstract in English)
Autumn 2014
Pages 151-156
  • Receive Date: 12 March 2014
  • Revise Date: 21 August 2014
  • Accept Date: 03 May 2015