Chemical composition of the essential oil from the leaves of Marrubium vulgare L.from Iran

Document Type : Original article


1 Department of Agronomy and plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Horticultural, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Plant Breeding, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran


Background & Aim: White horehound (Marrubium vulgare L.) is a perennial medicinal plant of the family Lamiaceae. The aim of this study was to identify of the chemical components of white horehound collected from Isfahan.  Experimental: The aerial parts of M. vulgare were collected from (Kamu Mountain) Isfahan province central of Iran, during 2014. The essential oils of samples were obtained by hydro-distillation, and analyzed using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS).  Results & Discussion: Results of GC/MS indicated that 44 compounds were identified in the essential oil from the aerial parts of M. vulgare. The major constituents of the essential oil were β-caryophyllene (32.19%), (E)-β-farnesene(11.39%), 1,8-cineole (8.17%) and α-pinene (6.64%).A comparison of our results with different reports, differences in the volatile composition of the plants could be attributed to genetic (genus, species, and ecotype), chemotype, distinct environmental and climatic conditions, seasonal sampling periods, geographic origins, plant populations, vegetative plant phases, and extraction and quantification methods. Industrial and practical recommendations: The biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, although controlled genetically, is strongly affected by the environmental influences of a particular growing region.


Article Title [فارسی]

استخراج ترکیبات موجود در گیاه فراسیون سفید Marrubui vulgare L. رویش یافته در شرایط آب و هوایی ایران

Authors [فارسی]

  • احمدرضا گلپرور 1
  • امین هادی پناه 2
  • علی مهراز مهرابی 3
  • آرزو آرمین 1
1 گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران
2 گروه باغبانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران
3 گروه اصلاح نباتات، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران
Abstract [فارسی]

مقدمه و هدف:گیاه فراسیون سفید با نام علمی (Marrubuim vulgare L.) گیاه چند ساله و معطر از خانواده نعناع می باشد. این گیاهان در نواحی مختلف ایران به صورت خودرو رشد می کند. هدف از این مطالعه شناسایی ترکیبات موجود در اسانس گیاه فراسیون در شرایط آب و هوایی اصفهان می باشد. روش تحقیق:قسمتهای هوایی این گیاهان از کوه­های کامو منطقه اصفهان در بهار سال ١٣٩4 جمع آوری شد.استخراج اسانس به روش تقطیر با آب و به کمک دستگاه اسانس گیری طرح کلونجر صورت گرفت و میزان اسانس به وسیله دستگاه کروماتوگرافی گازی متصل به طیف سنج جرمی (GC/MS) مورد تجزیه و شناسایی قرار گرفت. نتایج و بحث:نتایج بدست آمده از این تحقیق نشان داد که 44 ترکیب در اسانس فراسیون شناسایی شد. ترکیبات اصلی شاملβ-caryophyllene(19/32%)، (E)-β-farnesene (39/11%)، 1,8-cineole (17/8%) و α-pinene (64/6%) حاصل شد. توصیه کاربردی/ صنعتی:بیوسنتز متابولیت­های ثانویه اگرچه توسط عوامل ژنتیکی کنترل می شود اما اثر عوامل محیطی بر روی آن تاثیر مثبتی دارد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • فراسیون سفید
  • ترکیبات شیمیایی
  • GC/MS
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